Using LinQ to query xml

          Create a xml file with following structure.
<?xml version=1.0 encoding=utf-8 ?>


  <Error voucherId=1 message=Issues while saving data/>

  <Error voucherId=1 message=Transaction Blocked/>

  <Error voucherId=1 message=Account is Closed/>

  <Error voucherId=3 message=This voucher has minumum balance./>

  <Error voucherId=3 message=Some errors occured while saving the voucher./>


          Make sure your code file has following references
using System.Linq;

using System.Xml.Linq;

          Open Visual Studio 2008 and create a new console application.  Write following code on the program.cs file.
        /// <summary>

        /// Class to represent an error message.  You can have similar class to represent your data

        /// </summary>

        public class Error


            public string VoucherId { get; set; }

            public string ErrorMessage { get; set; }


        static void Main(string[] args)


            //Load XML document on to XDocument object

            XDocument xdoc = XDocument.Load(“../../ErrorMessages.xml”);

            //Query the XML document and read all the “Error” element.  Prepare a list of Error class from the returned data

            List<Error> errorCollection = (from errors in xdoc.Descendants(“Error”)

                                           where errors.Attribute(“voucherId”).Value==“1”

                                          select new Error


                                              VoucherId = errors.Attribute(“voucherId”).Value,

                                              ErrorMessage = errors.Attribute(“message”).Value



            //Loop through the returned collection and output the result.

            foreach (Error e in errorCollection)


                Console.WriteLine(“Voucher Id: “ + e.VoucherId);

                Console.WriteLine(“Error Message: “ + e.ErrorMessage);





         Execute this console application and it will print the selected nodes from xml

Sudhir Kesharwani
Mob: +91 98225 11209

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